Panat in postcardThe Ranums'

Panat Times

Volume 1, redone Dec. 2014


Volume 1


Orest's Pages

Patricia's Musings



Musical Rhetoric

Transcribed Sources


Arnould on Satire

Reviewed in 1996

I bought Colette Arnould's La satire, une histoire dans l'Histoire (Paris: P. U. F., 1996), thinking that it might be helpful in interpreting the engravings of effeminate men of the Robe, and it has been. No one can read everything, but Arnould has read massively from antique down to contemporary sources, then thematically going through the centuries to note what her principal sources contain that is satirical. Satire about women, men, marriage, homosexuality, political satire, justice, writing and writers, philosophers, religion and physicians are the principal headings. Aristophanes poked fun at the effeminate: the unstated theme was cowardice and the inability to fight. This book will be useful for my research this fall.